Civil Rights Help

(Updated November 21,  2007)
This website is a perpetual work in progress to update you about civil rights requirements

Who I am

Useful links

New The Attorney General prepares a report card for the President on Federal agency Title VI enforcement.  How to get a copy

Information on specific grant agencies

Title VI Legal Manual and legal issues

Investigative Procedures Manual

Coverage of Fire Departments

Is it time to form the Equal Services Opportunity Commission (ESOC)

Civil rights law is both simple and complex. 
Unfortunately making it hard is easy, the trick is to make it simple. 

I can do that for you.

Contact Andy Strojny at
and learn how

Do you know the answers to these questions?

1.  Can a Federal grant recipient be sued by an individual who claims that there is an adverse impact in the delivery of grant services?

2.  Does the Attorney prepare an annual report card on how well Federal agencies are doing in enforcing prohibitions against discrimination applicable to their grantees.

3.  Are contractors and subcontractors hired by recipients to carry out Federally assisted programs covered by prohibitions against discrimination applicable to recipients of Federal grants concerning discrimination in the provision of services?

If you are a Federal grant recipient, a state or local government, or an interested organization, you need to know the answers to these questions and more.  Click here for the answers. 

I can provide you with a one, two, or three day training course that sets out your rights and responsibilities under relevant civil rights statutes, regulations, and Executive Orders. 
  • These courses will provide you with information about Federal laws, regulations, guidelines, notices, and Executive Orders concerning discrimination in the provision of Federally assisted services.  Learn when guidelines are really treated like requirements.
  • They will provide with specific examples of the kinds of services discrimination that is covered.
  • They will provide information about what is supposed to happen when a complaint of services discrimination is filed and what often actually happens.
  • They will tell you how the Federal investigative process works, explaining the difference between a complaint investigation and a compliance review,  how the hearing procedure works, what voluntary compliance entails, and what the risks are to your federal funding.
  • You will learn what Federal agencies look for when they conduct services discrimination investigations and the differences between intentional discrimination and discrimination inferred from adverse impacts, including examples of adverse impacts relevant to your situation.
  • You will learn the defenses available when services discrimination is alleged.
  • You will learn what is at stake if you are found in noncompliance. 
  • You will learn about the Attorney General's annual report card to the President on how Federal agencies are enforcing grant related civil rights laws.
If you are a Federal agency, you will learn what the Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, considers a model program to enforce laws against services discrimination. 

This training is based on the simple premise first put forth by President Kennedy almost a half century ago when he said:

Simple justice requires that public funds, to which all taxpayers
of all races [colors, and national origins] contribute,
not be spent in any fashion which encourages, entrenches, subsidizes or
results in racial [color or national origin] discrimination.

 This same principle applies to gender as well.

NewTo see an outline of what the training covers, click here.

I worked for the Coordination and Review Section and its predecessors in the Civil Rights Division for over 20 years and helped establish its civil rights training program for recipients of federal grants and for civil rights officers of other federal agencies that provide federal financial assistance.  To see the kind of training I helped develop and give, go to  The training courses I helped give trained over 4000 people.  Over 98% of the students rated the courses OUTSTANDING or EXCELLENT.  The courses never received even one unsatisfactory rating.

This website will be updated often (so check back and see what is new) and provide useful information about
  • Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin by recipients of federal financial assistance,
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally assisted education programs,
  • Executive Order 13166, which requires recipients of federal assistance as well as the Federal government to provide meaningful access to their federally assisted or federally conducted programs by individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP) and
  • various program specific civil rights requirements.
This area of the law is at once simple and complex, as checking with will show you.
I can help make it simple.

If you want to learn how, email

If you want to learn about how to comply with employer sanctions laws and form I-9 requirements without discriminating, go to